Once the court hearing has concluded, the judgment must be given within the space of twenty days. However, at the request of either party, the court may decide that, after the trial and before the court gives its final decision, final proceedings may allow the admission of evidence that had been adduced but could not be heard for reasons outside the control of the party who submitted it. Also in final proceedings evidence may be admitted relating to new facts, which initially had not been adduced and thus were not considered during course of the trial. And, in exceptional circumstances, the court may order on its own account final proceedings in relation to evidence already adduced and considered during the trial of the action, but whose results were then inconclusive for reasons outside the control of the parties.
Once the final proceedings have been completed, the parties may file an affidavit outlining and assessing the results. After which, within a further period of twenty days, the court shall give its final judgment.
The judgment shall decide on the disputed issues based on the supporting facts, evidence and legal argument submitted by both parties. It shall be clear, accurate and consistent with the claims of the parties. It must address all the points of contention that have been submitted, and rule in favor or against the defendant.
Once the judgment becomes final, it gives rise to res judicata effects, which means that no further proceedings can be commenced with the same object as the case that has been concluded. And if the object of the second case is similar but not identical to the first, the earlier decision can have a prejudicial effect on the second given that the first decision can be referred to in the subsequent case.